Germany and the Chemical Weapons Convention


Germany is helping to eliminate chemical weapons in other countries in various ways.

Inspection© OPCW/Archive

It has supported the current UN and OPCW mission in Syria since April 2013 by providing two million euros, training for OPCW staff and air transport to Syria.

Between 2002 and 2014, Germany helped Russia destroy many of its chemical weapons through considerable financial support and joint projects as part of the G8 initiative Global Partnership. To eliminate the chemical weapons in Libya, Germany has been providing the OPCW with logistical support in the verification of newly declared weapons and also helped build a destruction facility in Libya in collaboration with the US and Libya. In Iraq, Germany is working on solutions to destroy the remaining stocks of Iraqi chemical weapons in conjunction with the OPCW.

Since its foundation, the Federal Republic of Germany has only ever possessed stockpiles of chemical weapons produced by the German Reich before 1945, which the CWC defines as “old chemical weapons”. They had all been destroyed by April 2007. Further “old chemical weapons” are still periodically found in the ground. When they are, they are recorded by the Federal Armed Forces Verification Centre, reported to the OPCW and then destroyed at the GEKA in Munster.

The chemical industry in Germany, like those of the other States Parties, is regularly inspected by the OPCW. These inspections have been able to document Germany's effective implementation of and adherence to the CWC. The Federal Office for Economic Affairs and Export Control collates the data on relevant chemicals produced by the German chemicals sector and prepares them for reporting to the OPCW. As the national authority for the CWC, the Federal Foreign Office is Germany's contact to the OPCW and the other States Parties.

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